Autism Spectrum is a disorder that is related to brain development. This brain disorder refers to how a child perceives and responds. In children, it directly affects the nervous system, which disturbs growth and development. Children with this disorder seem to have their world, they have problems with communicating and interacting with others. Autism majorly relates to socializing and lack of social awareness. 

This disorder shows repetitive patterns of behavior. The symptoms show up in the first 3 years of life. It has a wide range of symptoms that begin to appear in the early stages of childhood. The child with ASD follows the normal routine and behaves normally, but the major problem is interaction. These children are observed with having issues with eye contact and never start speaking with people. They are unable to understand facial expressions and have problems in developing social skills. The below problems are also found in children with ASD.

  • They do not like to play with other children.
  • Stuck to a specific routine and never want to change it.
  • Wanted to sit alone and play alone.
  • Never want to develop social skills.

Risk Factors 

This disorder is found in boys more than girls. If the disorder is diagnosed in the children early, it should be treated before the symptoms worsen. Treating the symptoms is important to improve the quality of life and to make the children’s future secure. The symptoms are usually observed by comparing the behaviors with the other children. Moreover, if the parents concern with the health specialist they diagnose the disorder by talking with the child.

The symptoms of autism are sometimes related to other developmental disorders. Some genetic disorders are also related to autism for example;

  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • Fragile-X
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Chromosomes problems
  • Neurofibromatosis

In case of these gene disorders, parents are recommended to concern for gene testing to find out what problem the child has. If the child is found with any genetic issue, they probably have the autism spectrum disorder.

If your infant is not developing normally, the parents are suggested to test their child by observing them from cognitive, social skills, and language. If your child

  • Doesn’t smile or give a happy expression in 6 months.
  • In 9 months, not giving any facial expression.
  • Not responding to his/her name in 12 months.
  • Not asking or pointing to objects of interest in 14 months.
  • Doesn’t say any word in 16 months.
  • Doesn’t play a pretending game in 18 months.
  • Getting upset and having mood changes all of a sudden on little things.

How to Overcome?

It is the responsibility of only parents to control autism in their child. It could be sometimes frustrating and time-consuming to understand what your child wants. However, only parents can pay attention to physical and emotional health.

  • Learn about the autism spectrum disorder as much as you can.
  • Exchange your thoughts and connect with the parents of the children having autism.
  • Take out time for your children.
  • Take professional advice.
  • Make a good routine for your children.